thirdweb: Build an NFT Minting Page with thirdweb, IPFS, RainbowKit, and WAGMI

Learn how to build an NFT minting page with thirdweb, IPFS, RainbowKit & WAGMI.

What is thirdweb?

thirdweb is an easy-to-use platform to build Web3 applications with code or no-code. thirdweb makes creating and deploying apps such as NFT collections or NFT marketplaces easy. thirdweb can be used with objects stored on IPFS, so objects stored in a Filebase IPFS bucket can be seamlessly uploaded for use with a thirdweb app.

Read below to learn how to build an NFT minting page with thirdweb, IPFS, RainbowKit & Wagmi.

Prerequisites:

1. Start by navigating to the thirdweb dashboard and connecting your crypto wallet.

2. Select ‘Deploy New Contract':

3. Under 'NFTs', select ‘NFT Collection’:

Then select 'Deploy Now'.

4. Give your NFT collection a name, icon, and description, then confirm that the recipient address is your crypto wallet address.

For this tutorial, we’ll be using the Mumbai testnet, so we are using a Mumbai wallet.

5. Select ‘Deploy Now’ and confirm the transaction through your crypto wallet.

6. Next, we need to create an IPFS bucket on Filebase.

To do this, navigate to console.filebase.com. If you don’t have an account already, sign up, then log in.

7. Select ‘Buckets’ from the left sidebar menu, or navigate to console.filebase.com/buckets.

Select ‘Create Bucket’ in the top right corner to create a new bucket for your NFTs.

8. Enter a bucket name and choose the IPFS storage network to create the bucket.

Bucket names must be unique across all Filebase users, be between 3 and 63 characters long, and can contain only lowercase characters, numbers, and dashes.

9. Now, upload your NFTs to Filebase using the web console and selecting ‘Folder’, then select the folder that contains your NFT files.

These files need to be named in sequential order, such as 0.png, 1.png, 2.png, etc.

10. You will see your folder uploaded as a single object:

11. Copy the CID of your folder:

12. Navigate to your IPFS Folder using the Filebase IPFS gateway to see your folder’s files:

https://ipfs.filebase.io/ipfs/IPFS_CID

Take note of this URL.

13. Head back to the thirdweb dashboard, where you will see the page for your NFT collection.

Select the ‘Code’ tab. This code showcases different code snippets to use to mint your NFTs using scripts, with your contract address and crypto wallet address inputted automatically for easy copy and paste. This tutorial will showcase the JavaScript code examples, but you can use any of the languages showcased in this Code tab. You can follow along with the code examples showcased in this tutorial, or copy and paste the snippets provided in this tab.

14. Open a command line window and install the thirdweb SDK:

npm install @thirdweb-dev/sdk

15. Open an IDE such as VSCode and insert the following code, replacing the following values:

  • CONTRACT with your contract address.

  • WALLET_ADDRESS with your crypto wallet address.

  • Each IPFS_CID with your IPFS folder CID you took note of earlier.

  • Replace the name and description of each NFT with your desired information.

import { ThirdwebSDK } from "@thirdweb-dev/sdk";

const sdk = new ThirdwebSDK("mumbai");
const contract = sdk.getContract("CONTRACT", "nft-collection");

// Address of the wallet you want to mint the NFT to
const walletAddress = "WALLET_ADDRESS";

// Custom metadata of the NFTs you want to mint.
const metadatas = [{
  name: "Cool NFT #1",
  description: "This is a cool NFT",
  image: fs.readFileSync("https://ipfs.filebase.io/ipfs/IPFS_CID/0.png"), // This can be an image url or file
}, {
  name: "Cool NFT #2",
  description: "This is a cool NFT",
  image: fs.readFileSync("https://ipfs.filebase.io/ipfs/IPFS_CID/1.png"),
}];

const tx = await contract.mintBatchTo(walletAddress, metadatas);
const receipt = tx[0].receipt; // same transaction receipt for all minted NFTs
const firstTokenId = tx[0].id; // token id of the first minted NFT
const firstNFT = await tx[0].data(); // (optional) fetch details of the first minted NFT

You can edit this script to include as many NFTs as you’d like to mint at one time.

16. Save this script as mint.js, then run this script with the command:

node mint.js

17. Refresh your thirdweb dashboard. Your NFTs will be listed.

18. You will need the NFT collection’s contract address later, so copy the contract address as shown here:

19. Next, open a new terminal window. Start a new Vite project with the command:

yarn create vite

When prompted, answer the questions in the following manner:

20. Then, navigate into the project’s directory and install the required dependencies:

cd nft-mint-page

yarn

yarn dev

21. Your app’s location will be returned. Navigate to the listed IP address to view your default application:

22. Next, open a new terminal tab or window, make sure you are in your project’s directory, then install the Rainbowkit and Wagmi packages, along with a few other dependencies:

yarn add @rainbow-me/rainbowkit wagmi ethers @chakra-ui/react @emotion/react @emotion/styled framer-motion

23. Open the src/main.tsx file in your IDE of choice. Replace the existing content with the following:

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom/client';
import App from './App';
import './index.css';
import '@rainbow-me/rainbowkit/styles.css';
import { getDefaultWallets, RainbowKitProvider } from '@rainbow-me/rainbowkit';
import { chain, configureChains, createClient, WagmiConfig } from 'wagmi';
import { jsonRpcProvider } from 'wagmi/providers/jsonRpc';
import { publicProvider } from 'wagmi/providers/public';
import { ChakraProvider } from '@chakra-ui/react';

const { chains, provider } = configureChains(
  [chain.goerli], // you can add more chains here like chain.mainnet, chain.optimism etc.
  [
    jsonRpcProvider({
      rpc: () => {
        return {
          http: 'https://rpc.ankr.com/eth_goerli', // go to <https://www.ankr.com/protocol/> to get a free RPC for your network
        };
      },
    }),
    publicProvider(),
  ]
);

const { connectors } = getDefaultWallets({
  appName: 'NFT minting dApp',
  chains,
});

const wagmiClient = createClient({
  autoConnect: false,
  connectors,
  provider,
});

ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('root')!).render(
  <React.StrictMode>
    <ChakraProvider>
      <WagmiConfig client={wagmiClient}>
        <RainbowKitProvider chains={chains}>
          <App />
        </RainbowKitProvider>
      </WagmiConfig>
    </ChakraProvider>
  </React.StrictMode>
);

24. Next, open the src/App.tsx file and replace the existing content with the following:

import { Container } from '@chakra-ui/react';
import { ConnectButton } from '@rainbow-me/rainbowkit';

function App() {
  return (
    <Container paddingY='10'>
      <ConnectButton />
    </Container>
  );
}

export default App;

25. Your react app will update automatically every time you save a file. At this stage, it should look like this:

26. Create a new file in the src directory called abiFile.json with the following content:

{
  "abi": [
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "string",
          "name": "_tokenURI",
          "type": "string"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "_mintCost",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
      "type": "constructor"
    },
    {
      "anonymous": false,
      "inputs": [
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "owner",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "approved",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "tokenId",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "name": "Approval",
      "type": "event"
    },
    {
      "anonymous": false,
      "inputs": [
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "owner",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "operator",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "indexed": false,
          "internalType": "bool",
          "name": "approved",
          "type": "bool"
        }
      ],
      "name": "ApprovalForAll",
      "type": "event"
    },
    {
      "anonymous": false,
      "inputs": [
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "previousOwner",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "newOwner",
          "type": "address"
        }
      ],
      "name": "OwnershipTransferred",
      "type": "event"
    },
    {
      "anonymous": false,
      "inputs": [
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "from",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "to",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "indexed": true,
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "tokenId",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "name": "Transfer",
      "type": "event"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "to",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "tokenId",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "name": "approve",
      "outputs": [],
      "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "owner",
          "type": "address"
        }
      ],
      "name": "balanceOf",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "string",
          "name": "_newURI",
          "type": "string"
        }
      ],
      "name": "changeTokenURI",
      "outputs": [],
      "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [],
      "name": "commonTokenURI",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "string",
          "name": "",
          "type": "string"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "tokenId",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "name": "getApproved",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "",
          "type": "address"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "owner",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "operator",
          "type": "address"
        }
      ],
      "name": "isApprovedForAll",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "bool",
          "name": "",
          "type": "bool"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "_to",
          "type": "address"
        }
      ],
      "name": "mint",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "payable",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [],
      "name": "mintCost",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [],
      "name": "name",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "string",
          "name": "",
          "type": "string"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [],
      "name": "owner",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "",
          "type": "address"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "tokenId",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "name": "ownerOf",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "",
          "type": "address"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [],
      "name": "renounceOwnership",
      "outputs": [],
      "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "from",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "to",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "tokenId",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "name": "safeTransferFrom",
      "outputs": [],
      "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "from",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "to",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "tokenId",
          "type": "uint256"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "bytes",
          "name": "_data",
          "type": "bytes"
        }
      ],
      "name": "safeTransferFrom",
      "outputs": [],
      "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "operator",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "bool",
          "name": "approved",
          "type": "bool"
        }
      ],
      "name": "setApprovalForAll",
      "outputs": [],
      "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "bytes4",
          "name": "interfaceId",
          "type": "bytes4"
        }
      ],
      "name": "supportsInterface",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "bool",
          "name": "",
          "type": "bool"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [],
      "name": "symbol",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "string",
          "name": "",
          "type": "string"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "tokenId",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "name": "tokenURI",
      "outputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "string",
          "name": "",
          "type": "string"
        }
      ],
      "stateMutability": "view",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "from",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "to",
          "type": "address"
        },
        {
          "internalType": "uint256",
          "name": "tokenId",
          "type": "uint256"
        }
      ],
      "name": "transferFrom",
      "outputs": [],
      "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
      "type": "function"
    },
    {
      "inputs": [
        {
          "internalType": "address",
          "name": "newOwner",
          "type": "address"
        }
      ],
      "name": "transferOwnership",
      "outputs": [],
      "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
      "type": "function"
    }
  ]
}

27. Now it’s time to create a function that will get the URL for our NFT’s image. To do this, open the src/App.tsx file again and replace the content we added before with the following:

import { Box, Container, Image, Skeleton, Text } from '@chakra-ui/react';
import { ConnectButton } from '@rainbow-me/rainbowkit';
import { motion } from 'framer-motion';
import { useEffect, useState } from 'react';
import { useContractRead } from 'wagmi';
import abiFile from './abiFile.json';

const CONTRACT_ADDRESS = 'ADDRESS_HERE';

function App() {
  const contractConfig = {
    addressOrName: CONTRACT_ADDRESS,
    contractInterface: abiFile.abi,
  };

  const { data: tokenURI } = useContractRead({
    ...contractConfig,
    functionName: 'commonTokenURI',
  });
  const [imgURL, setImgURL] = useState('');

  useEffect(() => {
    (async () => {
      if (tokenURI) {
        const res = await (await fetch(tokenURI as unknown as string)).json();
        setImgURL(res.image);
      }
    })();
  }, [tokenURI]);

  return (
    <Container paddingY='10'>
      <ConnectButton />
      <Text marginTop='4'>This is the NFT we will be minting!</Text>

      {imgURL ? (
        <Box
          as={motion.div}
          borderColor='gray.200'
          borderWidth='1px'
          width='fit-content'
          marginTop='4'
          padding='6'
          shadow='md'
          rounded='lg'
          whileHover={{ scale: 1.05 }}
          whileTap={{ scale: 0.95 }}
        >
          <Image src={imgURL} width='200px' />
        </Box>
      ) : (
        <Skeleton marginTop='4' width='250px' height='250px' rounded='lg' />
      )}
    </Container>
  );
}

export default App;

Replace ADDRESS_HERE with the contract address of your NFT collection that we took note of from the thirdweb dashboard.

28. At this point, your app will look like this:

Note: Your NFT image might take a few minutes to load since it will need to be fetched from the IPFS DHT.

29. Now let’s add the function to mint an NFT. Update your src/App.tsx file to reflect the following:

import {
  Button,
  Container,
  Text,
  Image,
  Box,
  Link,
  Skeleton,
} from '@chakra-ui/react';
import { ConnectButton } from '@rainbow-me/rainbowkit';
import { ethers } from 'ethers';
import { useEffect, useState } from 'react';
import { useAccount, useContractRead, useContractWrite } from 'wagmi';
import abiFile from './abiFile.json';
import { motion } from 'framer-motion';

const CONTRACT_ADDRESS = 'ADDRESS_HERE';

const getOpenSeaURL = (tokenId: string | number) =>
  `https://testnets.opensea.io/assets/goerli/${CONTRACT_ADDRESS}/${tokenId}`;

function App() {
  const contractConfig = {
    addressOrName: CONTRACT_ADDRESS,
    contractInterface: abiFile.abi,
  };
  const { data: tokenURI } = useContractRead({
    ...contractConfig,
    functionName: 'commonTokenURI',
  });
  const [imgURL, setImgURL] = useState('');

  const { writeAsync: mint, error: mintError } = useContractWrite({
    ...contractConfig,
    functionName: 'mint',
  });
  const [mintLoading, setMintLoading] = useState(false);