AWS SDK for PHP
Learn how to pin files and folders to IPFS using the AWS SDK for PHP.

What is AWS SDK - PHP?

AWS SDKs (software development kits) help simplify coding and application development by supporting and providing code objects for use with S3-compatible services. There are a variety of different AWS SDKs, each for a different coding language. This guide covers AWS SDK - PHP.

What is a .car file?

A .car file is a type of compressed archive file that contains multiple files, similar to a ZIP file. .car files are used by the FileCoin and IPFS networks, which utilize the metadata fields to include the IPFS CIDs of each file within the archive.
Read below to learn how to pin files and folders to IPFS using the AWS SDK for PHP.

Prerequisites:

Pinning a Single File to IPFS

1. Click on the ‘Buckets’ option from the menu to open the Buckets dashboard.

2. Once at the Buckets dashboard, create a new bucket by clicking the ‘Create Bucket’ option in the top right corner.

3. Enter a bucket name and choose your storage network.

4. Create a new file with the following AWS SDK for PHP code:

The following code example uploads an object to the specified bucket. Replace the following values in the code to match your configuration:
bucket: Filebase bucket name
key: Object name
source: File path to the object
<?php
require 'vendor/autoload.php';
use Aws\\S3\\S3Client;
use Aws\\Exception\\AwsException;
use Aws\\S3\\ObjectUploader;
$s3Client = new S3Client([
'endpoint' => 'https://s3.filebase.com',
'region' => 'us-east-1',
'version' => 'latest',
'use_path_style_endpoint' => true,
'credentials' => [
'key' => $FILEBASE_ACCESS_KEY_ID,
'secret' => $FILEBASE_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY,
],
]);
$bucket = 'your-bucket';
$key = 'my-file.zip';
// Using stream instead of file path
$source = fopen('/path/to/large/file.zip', 'rb');
$uploader = new ObjectUploader(
$s3Client,
$bucket,
$key,
$source
);
do {
try {
$result = $uploader->upload();
if ($result["@metadata"]["statusCode"] == '200') {
print('<p>File successfully uploaded to ' . $result["ObjectURL"] . '.</p>');
}
print($result);
} catch (MultipartUploadException $e) {
rewind($source);
$uploader = new MultipartUploader($s3Client, $source, [
'state' => $e->getState(),
]);
}
} while (!isset($result));
fclose($source);

Pinning a Folder to IPFS using the AWS SDK for PHP

1. Download the ipfs-car package with the following command:

git clone https://github.com/web3-storage/ipfs-car

2. Install the ipfs-car package:

npx ipfs-car

3. Next, use ipfs-car to package a folder of files into a .car file.

This has been tested with .car archives containing 10,000 or more files. Use any of the following commands, depending on your desired workflow:

Write a .car file to the current working directory

ipfs-car --pack path/to/file/or/dir

Write a .car file to a specific directory with a specified name

ipfs-car --pack path/to/files --output path/to/write/ipfs-car.car

4. Create a new file with the following AWS SDK for PHP code:

The following code example uploads an object to the specified bucket. Replace the following values in the code to match your configuration:
bucket: Filebase bucket name
key: .car file name
source: File path to the object
<?php
require 'vendor/autoload.php';
use Aws\S3\S3Client;
use Aws\Exception\AwsException;
use Aws\S3\ObjectUploader;
$s3Client = new S3Client([
'endpoint' => 'https://s3.filebase.com',
'region' => 'us-east-1',
'version' => 'latest',
'use_path_style_endpoint' => true,
'credentials' => [
'key' => $FILEBASE_ACCESS_KEY_ID,
'secret' => $FILEBASE_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY,
],
]);
$bucket = 'your-bucket';
$key = 'ipfs-car.car';
// Using stream instead of file path
$source = fopen('/path/to/ipfs-car.car', 'rb');
$uploader = new ObjectUploader(
$s3Client,
$bucket,
$key,
$source
);
do {
try {
$result = $uploader->upload();
if ($result["@metadata"]["statusCode"] == '200') {
print('<p>File successfully uploaded to ' . $result["ObjectURL"] . '.</p>');
}
print($result);
} catch (MultipartUploadException $e) {
rewind($source);
$uploader = new MultipartUploader($s3Client, $source, [
'state' => $e->getState(),
]);
}
} while (!isset($result));
fclose($source);p
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On this page
What is AWS SDK - PHP?
What is a .car file?
Pinning a Single File to IPFS
1. Click on the ‘Buckets’ option from the menu to open the Buckets dashboard.
2. Once at the Buckets dashboard, create a new bucket by clicking the ‘Create Bucket’ option in the top right corner.
3. Enter a bucket name and choose your storage network.
4. Create a new file with the following AWS SDK for PHP code:
Pinning a Folder to IPFS using the AWS SDK for PHP
1. Download the ipfs-car package with the following command:
2. Install the ipfs-car package:
3. Next, use ipfs-car to package a folder of files into a .car file.
4. Create a new file with the following AWS SDK for PHP code: