This glossary includes terms found within the Filebase website and their definitions.
Access Key: When accessing Filebase through the S3 API, an access key is required to access your Filebase buckets and objects. Your access key has two components - the key and the secret. You will need both, similar to using a username and password.
API: Application Programming Interface; A software intermediary that allows two applications to communicate to one another.
AWS: Amazon Web Services; A component of Amazon’s cloud computing service.
Bucket: In object storage, buckets are similar to a traditional file system’s folders. Buckets are containers for objects and the associated metadata of those objects. Unlike traditional file systems, buckets cannot be nested into one another like file folders can be.
End User: Any individual that uses a product or service.
Erasure Coding: A method of data protection in which data is broken into fragments (also called chunks or shards), encrypted and encoded, then distributed across different locations.
Geo-redundancy: The practice of storing data across multiple data centers or physical locations throughout different geographic locations.
IPFS: InterPlanetary File System; A peer-to-peer network for sharing and storing data over a distributed file system.
Metadata: In object storage, metadata is fully customizable and functional for objects, allowing you to capture application or user specific information for more specific indexing purposes and data management policies.
Nodes: A compute server or otherwise communication endpoint.
Peer-to-Peer Networks: A network topology where a group of nodes that are connected together have equal responsibility, permissions, and access to resources.
Object: In object storage, objects are similar to a traditional file system’s files. They are small entities that contain data and metadata.
Object Storage: A computer storage architecture that stores data in the form of objects, as opposed to file system storage architectures that store data as files located within a hierarchy.
Sharding: Separating data objects into small, individual units referred to as shards.
Shards: a partition or piece of a data file.
Sia: an open source decentralized storage network.
Skynet: a “layer-2” decentralized storage platform that leverages the Sia network.
Storj: an open source decentralized cloud storage network.
S3: S3 technology was originally created by Amazon, but it has since become an open standard. Since then, several companies have created their own non-Amazon based version of the API. All references to S3 in this document refer to the S3 API.
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